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Chess

Chess is a two-player game played on a chessboard with 64 squares, 8x8, eight files and eight ranks. Two players: White and Black, with white and black pieces. Each player has 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights and eight pawns.

The famous Russian magnetic chess sets A wood travel chess sets. Photos by Boris Schipkov
The famous Russian travel magnetic chess sets "Simza". A wood travel chess sets. Photos © Boris Schipkov
It is interesting that in the movie "Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows", where Sherlock Holmes (actor Robert Downey, Jr.) played chess against Professor Moriarty (actor Jared Harris) to the death, our brilliant detective in France meets... Simza, Madame Simza Heron (actress Noomi Rapace).

Chess World Champions

Undisputed World Chess Champions:

1. Wilhelm Steinitz (1836 1900) - World Chess Champion from 1886 to 1894.

2. Emanuel Lasker (1868 1941) - World Chess Champion from 1894 to 1921.
The game Thomas - Lasker, Nottingham 1936, and with annotations.

3. Jose Raul Capablanca (1888 1942) - World Chess Champion from 1921 to 1927.
The game Capablanca - Milner Barry, Marget 1936, two bishops vs two knights, and with annotations.

4. Alexander Alexandrovich Alekhine (1892 1946) - World Chess Champion from 1927 to 1935, and from 1937 to 1946.
The games: Maroczy - Alekhine and Alekhine - Rubinstein, Hague 1921, also with annotations; Bogolyubov - Alekhine, Hastings 1922 with notes; Alekhine - Euwe, WCC, Netherlands (22) and (24) 1937, also with annotations; Alekhine - Euwe, WCC, Netherlands (6) 1937 and with notes.

5. Max Euwe (1901 1981) - World Chess Champion from 1935 to 1937.
The games: Winter - Euwe, Holland-England m 1937, also with annotations; Euwe - Reshevsky, Nottingham 1936, and with annotations.

6. Mikhail Moiseevich Botvinnik (1911 1995) - World Chess Champion from 1948 to 1957, from 1958 to 1960, and from 1961 to 1963.
The games: Levenfish - Botvinnik, Moscow-Leningrad m (7) 1937 and with notes; Botvinnik - Capablanca, Amsterdam 1938.

7. Vasily Vasil'yevich Smyslov (1921 2010) - World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
The games: Smyslov - Rudnev, Gorky 1938, and with annotations; Smyslov - Lilienthal, Moscow ch 1938 and Smyslov - Rekach, Moscow ch semifinal 1938.

8. Michail Nekhem'evich Tal' (1936 1992) - World Chess Champion from 1960 to 1961.

9. Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (1929 1984) - World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969.

10. Boris Vasil'evich Spassky (born 1937) - World Chess Champion from 1969 to 1972.

11. Robert James Fischer (1943 2008) - World Chess Champion from 1972 to 1975.
The game Fischer - Mecking, Palma de Mallorca izt 1970 with annotations.

12. Anatoly Yevgen'evich Karpov (born 1951) - World Chess Champion from 1975 to 1985. FIDE World Chess Champion from 1993 to 1999.
The games: Karpov - Ricardi, Najdorf Mem, Buenos Aires (9) 2001; Krasenkow - Karpov, Wijk aan Zee (1) 2003 with annotations.

13. Garry Kimovich Kasparov (born 1963) - World Chess Champion from 1985 to 1993. Classical World Chess Champion from 1993 to 2000.
The games: Kasparov - Deep Junior, New York (1) 2003; Kasparov - X3D Fritz, New York (3) 2003; Shirov - Kasparov, Linares (14) 2002; Vallejo - Kasparov, Linares (3) 2005; Polgar - Kasparov, Prague 2002 with annotations.

14. Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (born 1975) - World Chess Champion from 2006 to 2007. Classical World Chess Champion from 2000 to 2006.
The games: Kramnik - Kasparov, WCC, London (2) 2000; Kramnik - Kasparov, Zurich 2001; Kramnik - Van Wely, Monaco 2002; Kramnik - Radjabov, Dortmund 2003; Deep Fritz - Kramnik, Brains in Bahrain (3) 2002; Kramnik - Aronian, Turin 2006; Topalov - Kramnik, WCC, Elista 2006; Kramnik - Morozevich, WCC, Mexico City 2007; Kramnik - Grischuk, Tal Mem, Moscow 2012; Gustafsson - Kramnik, Dortmund 2012 with annotations.

15. Viswanathan Anand (born 1969) - World Chess Champion from 2007 to 2013. FIDE World Chess Champion from 2000 to 2002.
The games: Anand - Shirov, WCC, Moscow 2001; Anand - Bologan, Dortmund 2003; Anand - Karpov, Sao Paulo rapid 2004; Anand - Carlsen, Linares 2007; Anand - Topalov, WCC, Sofia 2010; Anand - Gelfand, WCC, Moscow 2012; Aronian - Anand, Wijk aan Zee 2013 with annotations.

16. Magnus Carlsen (born 1990) - World Chess Champion from 2013.
The games: Kasimdzhanov - Carlsen, Moscow 2007, Carlsen - Anand, Grand Slam, Bilbao 2012; Carlsen - Grischuk, Candidates, London 2013; Carlsen - Gelfand, Candidates, London 2013; Carlsen - Anand, Tal Memorial, Moscow 2013, Carlsen - Anand, Chennai (5) 2013, Anand - Carlsen, Chennai (6) 2013, Anand - Carlsen, Chennai (9) 2013 with annotations.

All 20 World Chess Champions in All Versions

Classical World Chess Champions 19932006:

1. Garry Kasparov - Classical World Chess Champion from 1993 to 2000.

2. Vladimir Kramnik - Classical World Chess Champion from 2000 to 2006.

FIDE World Chess Champions 19932006:

1. Anatoly Karpov - FIDE World Chess Champion from 1993 to 1999.

2. Alexander Valer'evich Khalifman (born 1966) - FIDE World Chess Champion from 1999 to 2000.
The games: Khalifman - Anand, FIDE WCh, rapid, New Delhi (5.3) 2000; Khalifman - Anand, Magistral Merida 2001 with annotations.

3. Viswanathan Anand - FIDE World Chess Champion from 2000 to 2002.

4. Ruslan Olegovich Ponomariov (born 1983) - FIDE World Chess Champion from 2002 to 2004.
The games: Ponomariov - Ivanchuk, WCC Final, Moscow (7.1) 2002; Svidler - Ponomariov, WCC, Moscow (6.3) 2001 with annotations.

5. Rustam Kasimdzhanov (born 1979) - FIDE World Chess Champion from 2004 to 2005.

6. Veselin Topalov (born 1975) - FIDE World Chess Champion from 2005 to 2006.
The games: Topalov - Dreev, FIDE WCC, New Delhi (4.2) 2000; Van Wely - Topalov, Wijk aan Zee 2006; Anand - Topalov, Amber Rapidplay, Monaco 2001 with annotations.

The last World Chess Championships:
World Chess Championship 2004 FIDE Knock-Out
Classical World Chess Championship 2004 Match Kramnik-Leko
World Chess Championship 2005 Tournament, San Luis 2005
World Chess Championship 2006 Reunification Match Kramnik-Topalov
World Chess Championship 2007 Tournament, Mexico 2007
World Chess Championship 2008 Anand-Kramnik
World Chess Championship 2010 Anand-Topalov
World Chess Championship Match 2012 Anand vs Gelfand, Moscow 2012
World Chess Championship 2013 Match Viswanathan Anand against Magnus Carlsen, Chennai 2013

Women's World Chess Champions

1. Vera Menchik - Women's World Chess Champion from 1927 to 1941.

2. Lyudmila Vladimirovna Rudenko - Women's World Chess Champion from 1950 to 1953.

3. Elizaveta Ivanovna Bykova - Women's World Chess Champion from 1953 to 1956, and from 1958 to 1962.

4. Olga Nikolaevna Rubtsova - Women's World Chess Champion from 1956 to 1958.

5. Nona Terentievna Gaprindashvili - Women's World Chess Champion from 1962 to 1978.

6. Maia Chiburdanidze - Women's World Chess Champion from 1978 to 1991.

7. Xie Jun - Women's World Chess Champion from 1991 to 1996, and from 1999 to 2001.

8. Susan Polgar - Women's World Chess Champion from 1996 to 1999.

9. Zhu Chen - Women's World Chess Champion from 2001 to 2004.

10. Antoaneta Stefanova - Women's World Chess Champion from 2004 to 2006.

11. Xu Yuhua - Women's World Chess Champion from 2006 to 2008.

12. Alexandra Konstantinovna Kosteniuk - Women's World Chess Champion from 2008 to 2010.

13. Hou Yifan - Women's World Chess Champion from 2010 to 2012, and from 2013.

14. Anna Yuriivna Ushenina - Women's World Chess Champion from 2012 to 2013.

Now Hou Yifan is the Women's World Chess Champion.

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© 2000-2013 Boris Schipkov