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Mona Lisa Chess Superstar and the game of Marcel Duchamp

by Boris Schipkov

Mona Lisa Chess Superstar with Knights, Bishop and Fountain by Boris Schipkov
"Mona Lisa Chess Superstar with Knights, Bishop and Fountain". Boris Schipkov, 2012. In Memory of Leonardo da Vinci and Marcel Duchamp.
Art collage © Boris Schipkov

Addicks, Johannes Hermanus (Netherlands) - Duchamp, Marcel (France) [E21]
Prague ol (Men)/Prague (9) 1931

1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 b6 3. c4 e6 4. Nc3 Bb4 5. Qc2 Bb7








   
6. Nd2
The famous artist and chessplayer Marcel Duchamp played for France in the Chess Olympiads: Paris 1924, The Hague 1928, Hamburg 1930, Prague 1931 and Folkestone 1933. In the beginning of his chess career Marcel Duchamp preferred hypermodern openings: the Reti Opening, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Alekhine Defence. Then he began to play frequently the classical openings: the Queen's Gambit, Caro-Kann Defence; but the move 1...Nf6 on 1.d4 and the Nimzo-Indian Defence were his favourite all time. In 1920s Marcel Duchamp played 1.Nf3 and 1.d4, in 1930s - only 1.d4. One of his best victories in Olympiads is the game Duchamp, M - Feigins, M, Folkestone 1933, in the King's Indian Saemisch System.
In the position now White usually continues 6.a3, e.g. 6. a3 Bxc3+ 7. Qxc3 O-O 8. Bg5 d6 9. Nd2 Nbd7 10. f3 h6 11. Bh4 Rc8 12. e4 c5, Carlsen, Magnus - Anand, Viswanathan, Grand Slam Final, Sao Paulo/Bilbao 2011. This line is popular.
6...Nc6!? 7. e3 e5 8. d5 Ne7 9. a3 Bxc3 10. Qxc3 d6 11. e4 Qd7 12. Be2 Ng6 13. h4








   
13...Nf4
13...c6 is possible too.
14. Bf3 h5 15. g3 Ng6 16. Bg2 c6 17. Bh3 Qc7 18. dxc6
White could castle 18. O-O.
18...Qxc6 19. f3 Bc8 20. Nf1?!
19. Bg2 is more safe.








   
20...Nxe4!!
A terrific knight sacrifice! Marcel Duchamp launches a powerful attack on White's king. In the case of 20...Bxh3 21. Rxh3 Rc8 22. Rh2! Qxc4 23. Qxc4 Rxc4 24. Bg5 the first player has nice compensation for the pawn.
21. fxe4 Qxe4+ 22. Kf2








   
22...Nxh4!!
Excellent. Marcel Duchamp sacrifices a second knight. Artist.
Johannes Hermanus Addicks probably hoped for 22...Qxh1? and 23.Bg2 trapped the queen.
23. Rh2?
The strong 23. Bd7+!! is correct, though after 23...Bxd7 (23...Kxd7 24. Rxh4 Qf5+ 25. Kg1 Bb7) 24. Rxh4 Bg4 25. Kg1 Rc8 Black has good compensation for the piece. If 23.gxh4 then the simple 23...Qxh1 24.Bg2 Qxh4+, with a clear advantage.
23...Bxh3 24. gxh4 Qf5+
Black wins the knight.








   
25. Kg3
Or 25. Qf3 Qxf3+ 26. Kxf3 Bxf1, and Black has three extra pawns in the endgame.
25...Bxf1 26. Be3 Qg4+ 27. Kf2 Bxc4 28. Rg1 Qf5+ 29. Ke1 Rc8! 30. Qd2








   
30...d5 31. Rg5 Qf1+
Checkmate. A masterpiece by Marcel Duchamp.
White resigned. 0-1










Move
   

Addicks, Johannes Hermanus - Duchamp, Marcel [E21]
Prague ol (Men)/Prague (9) 1931

1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 b6 3. c4 e6 4. Nc3 Bb4 The Nimzo-Indian Defense. 5. Qc2 Bb7 6. Nd2 Nc6!? 7. e3 e5 8. d5 Ne7 9. a3 Bxc3 10. Qxc3 d6 11. e4 Qd7 12. Be2 Ng6 13. h4 Nf4 14. Bf3 h5 15. g3 Ng6 16. Bg2 c6 17. Bh3 Qc7 18. dxc6White could castle 18. O-O. Qxc6 19. f3 Bc8 20. Nf1?! 19. Bg2 is more safe. Nxe4!! A terrific knight sacrifice! Black launches a powerful attack on the white king. 21. fxe4 Qxe4+ 22. Kf2 Nxh4!! Excellent. Marcel Duchamp sacrifices a second knight. Artist. 23. Rh2?The original 23. Bd7+!! is better. Bxh3 24. gxh4 Qf5+ 25. Kg3 Or 25. Qf3 Qxf3+ 26. Kxf3 Bxf1, and Black has three extra pawns. Bxf1 26. Be3 Qg4+ 27. Kf2 Bxc4 28. Rg1 Qf5+ 29. Ke1 Rc8! 30. Qd2 d5 31. Rg5 Qf1+ A masterpiece by Marcel Duchamp. 0-1


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© 2000-2012 Boris Schipkov