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Strategy for Openings: Plans. The Queen's Gambit Declined, Exchange Variation, Castling on Opposite Sides

by Boris Schipkov

The Exchange Variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined with the Carlsbad pawn structure is one of the greatest openings for all time, almost all World Chess Champions (Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine, Euwe, Botvinnik, Smyslov, Tal, Petrosian, Spassky, Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov, Kramnik, Anand, Carlsen) have played these fabulous positions. I played it both White and Black with great pleasure, had the joy of finding truth and the beauty of logic. This line is extremely good for a player who wants to improve the understanding of chess.

Schipkov, Boris - Tsygankov, Alexey [D36]
Novosibirsk ch 1988

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 d5
The Queen's Gambit Declined.
4. cxd5 exd5 5. Bg5 Be7 6. e3 c6
The Carlsbad pawn structure. Here White usually plays Bd3, Qc2, followed by Nf3 or Nge2. Then White must choose plans with castling long or castling short. In these two games I preferred castling long that led to a sharp fight.
7. Bd3 Nbd7 8. Qc2








   
8...Nf8
Black intends to trade the light-squared bishop after ...g6 and ...Ne6-Ng7 with ...Bf5.
9. Nf3 Ne6 10. Bh4 g6 11. h3
I prefer to keep my good light-squared bishop that is logical.
11...Ng7 12. g4 Be6 13. O-O-O Nd7 14. Bg3 O-O








   
15. Kb1
White castles long, Black castles short: it is always fascinating. 15. Ne5 is also possible, 15...f6 16. Nxd7 Qxd7 17. f3?! Bd6 18. Qh2 Bxg3 19. Qxg3 f5, with counterplay, 20. Qh2 Qe7 21. Rde1 Qh4 22. Qd2 Rae8 1/2, a draw in Rink, C - Van Baarle, J, Bayern 2010. 17. Ne2! is better, with a small edge to White.
Or 15...Nxe516. dxe5 Qa5 17. Kb1 c5 18. e4?! c4 19. Be2 dxe4 20. Nxe4 b5!, with nice counterplay on the queenside in Matveeva, S - Lematschko, T, Belgrade 1987. Better are 17. f4!? f5 18. exf6 Bxf6 19. Kb1 and 18. Qd2.
15...b5
Or 15...Rc8 16. Qb3?! (16. Bf4!? b5 17. Rdg1, with a small edge to White) 16...b5 17. Rc1 a5= 18. Qd1 a4 19. Ne5 Nxe5 20. Bxe5 f6 21. Bg3 Qa5?! (21...a3 22. b3 f5) 22. Ne2! b4 23. Nf4 a3? (23...c5 24. dxc5 a3 25. b3 Rxc5 26. h4, with a small advantage ) 24. b3 c5 1/2, a draw in Hort, V - Beliavsky, A, Munich 1991. But White can attack with 25. h4! cxd4 26. Qf3 Qa8 (26...dxe3 27. Nxe6 Nxe6 28. Qxe3 Kf7 29. Rce1 Rc6 30. h5) 27. h5, with a big edge to White.
16. Bf4
The main plan after g4 and O-O-O is to attack on the kingside, the next game Schipkov-Kaurdakov and Schipkov-Sutorikhin, Kecskemet 1991. However, then I played such positions I had the second plan in mind. This is a subtlety. Here Black counterattacks on the queenside with ...b5 and ...c5, usually Black must do it. But such moves weaken Black's queenside and d5-pawn. Therefore White can begin to realize the second plan: to trade pieces to win the endgame. 16. Ne2!? is also interesting.
16...a5








   
17. Rdg1!
The best move. Two rooks must support the g and h pawns, and White can continue with g5 and h4-h5 to storm Black's kingside.
17...f5?!
17...Rc8 is better, after 18. h4 b4 19. Na4 c5 20. Ba6 Ra8 21. Bb5 Rc8 (21...c4 22. Ng5 Ra7 23. f3) 22. Qe2 c4 23. Ng5 (23. h5 g5 24. Nxg5 Bxg5 25. Bxg5 Qxg5 26. f4 Qe7) 23...c3 24. Rc1 Nb6 25. Nxe6 fxe6 26. Nxb6 Qxb6 27. Bd7 Rcd8 28. Ba4 White has a small advantage.
18. Ne5
18. Ne2!? is also interesting, after 18...c5 19. dxc5 Nxc5 20. Ned4 White is better.
18...Nxe5 19. Bxe5 Qd7 20. Ne2!
White activates the knight.
20...Bf6
20...Bd6 is more stubborn, 21. Bxd6 Qxd6 22. Nf4 Bd7 23. g5 Ne6 24. Nxe6 Qxe6 25. h4 Be8.
21. Bxf6 Rxf6 22. g5 Rff8 23. Nf4 Bf7 24. Be2!
The bishop makes room for the knight.
24...Ne6 25. Nd3 Qd6 26. h4








   
26...Rac8 27. h5?!
27. Rc1! is more precise to stop the ...c6-c5 advance. I thought after ...c5 I could win according to the second plan.
27...c5!
The only move to fight.
28. dxc5 Nxc5 29. Nxc5
29. Rh4!? deserves attention.
29...Rxc5 30. Qd2 b4?!
Here 30...f4! is correct, with the idea to open ways for the bishop, 31. exf4 (31. Ka1!?) d4 32. Bd3 Bc4 33. f5 Bxd3+ 34. Qxd3 Rcxf5 35. hxg6 Qxg6 36. Rh6 Qg7 37. f4 Rxf4 38. Qxb5.
31. Qd4?!
31. hxg6! is stronger, 31...Bxg6 32. f4, with a clear edge to White.
31...Qe7?!
31...gxh5 is better, 32. g6 (32. Bxh5 Bxh5 33. Rxh5 Rc4 34. Qd1 Rfc8) 32...Bxg6 33. Bxh5 Rc4 34. Qa7 Rg4 35. Bxg6 (35. Bxg4 fxg4+ 36. Ka1 h5) 35... Qxg6 36. Rc1 f4+ 37. Ka1 fxe3 38. fxe3.









   
32. Bd3!
Now White controls the centre, Black cannot open ways for the bishop, so White has a serious advantage, a strategically winning position.
32...Rfc8
If 32...gxh5 then 33. g6! Bxg6 34. Rxh5 Rf6 35. Bxf5, winning.
33. h6!
After the text Black must defend the g7 square and White easily wins the ending.
33...Be8 34. Rc1!
According to the second opening plan White from the middlegame goes to the winning endgame.









   
34...a4 35. Rxc5! Rxc5 36. Rc1!
I trade all active Black's pieces - rooks - and can pluck pawns like flowers.
36...Rxc1+ 37. Kxc1 Bc6 38. Kd2 a3 39. bxa3 bxa3 40. Bc2!
Improving the position of the bishop.
40...Qb7 41. Bb3 Qd7 42. Qe5!
The best move, now the queen can create various threats to Black's king and pawns.
42...Qb7








   
43. Qd6
Here White can checkmate with 43. Bxd5+! Kf8 (43...Bxd5 44. Qe8#) 44. Qf6+ Ke8 45. Bxc6+ Qd7+ 46. Qd6 Qxc6 47. Qxc6+ Ke7 48. f4 Kd8 49. Qb7 Ke8 50. Qc7 Kf8 51. Qd7 Kg8 52. Qg7#.
43...Qb5
White wins after 44. Qe7 Qb7 45. Bxd5+ Bxd5 (or 45...Kh8 46. Qf8#) 46. Qe8#, checkmate.
Black resigned. 1-0

Schipkov, Boris - Kaurdakov, Vladislav [D36]
Novosibirsk ch 1987

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Bg5 Be7 6. e3 O-O 7. Bd3 c6 8. Qc2 Nbd7 9. Nf3 Re8 10. h3
Here White can castle on both sides. A beautiful position!
10...Nf8 11. O-O-O








   
11...Bd6
With the idea of ...h6, and if Bf4 then ...Bxf4. The common moves are 11...Be6 and 11... a5.
12. g4
White launches an attack on the kingside. All think so. But this clever move has a hidden threat or the idea: it almost compels Black to play ...c5 or ...b5, and then White can use weaknesses of Black's centre or queenside.
12...Bd7
Black can continue 12...h6 13. Bf4 Bxf4 14. exf4 Qd6 15. Ne5, with a small edge to White.
13. Kb1 b5
Black counterattacks on the queen's wing. Logical. However, probably 13...h6 is a little better, and White can sacrifice a knight or a pawn after 14. Bh4!? g5 15. Bg3 (15. Nxg5 hxg5 16. Bxg5 b5 17. f3 Rc8 18. Qf2, with compensation for the knight) 15...Bxg3 16. fxg3 Rxe3 17. Qf2 Re6 18. Ne5, with good compensation for the pawn. 14. Bf4 is simpler, 14...Bxf4 15. exf4 Ne6 16. g5 hxg5 17. fxg5 Ne4 18. h4 Nxc3+ 19. Qxc3, with a small edge to White.









   
14. e4!
A classical reply in such positions. White meets opponent's activity on the queenside with the e4 advance in the centre like in the game Schipkov-Ruban, Novosibirsk Region ch 1986. This is a third plan in the opening or middlegame. 14. Bf4 is also possible.
14...dxe4?!
After 14...b4 15. e5 bxc3 16. Qxc3 Be7 17. exf6 Bxf6 18. Bxf6 Qxf6 19. Ne5 or 14...h6 15. Bh4 Be7 16. e5 Ne4 17. Bxe4 Bxh4 18. Nxh4 Qxh4 19. Bd3 Ne6 20. Bh7+ Kh8 21. Bf5 White has a small but lasting advantage.
15. Nxe4 Be7 16. Bxf6!
White wins a tempo to attack with g5.
16...Bxf6 17. g5
17. Nd6 is good too, 17...Re6 18. Nb7 Qe7 19. Nc5 Rd6 20. Rhe1 Be6 21. g5 Bxg5 22. Nxg5 Qxg5 23. Ne4 Qd5 24. Nxd6 Qxd6.
17...Be7








   
18. Rhg1!
Here this rook move is the best. White plans to storm the kindside with f4-f5 after Ne5. Another rook must support the central d pawn.
18...Be6 19. Ne5! Rc8
19...Qxd4 is met by 20. Nxc6 Qb6 21. Nf6+! Bxf6 22. gxf6 Ng6 23. Rc1 Kh8 24. h4, and White wins.
20. f4!
A powerful pawn storm.
20...Bd5 21. f5!








   
21...Bxe4
Black intends to grab the g5 pawn. If 21...c5 then 22. f6! Bd6 23. fxg7 Kxg7 24. Nf6! cxd4 25. Qf2 Rxe5 26. Qh4, and White wins.
22. Bxe4 Bxg5 23. Qb3!
A winning move.
23...Rc7 24. Bxc6 Rxc6








   
25. Qxf7+
25. Nxf7 is also cheerful, 25...Rc4 26. Nxd8 Bxd8 27. Qxb5, winning.
25...Kh8 26. Nxc6
After 26...Qd7 27. Qxd7 Nxd7 28. Rxg5 White has an extra rook.
Black resigned. 1-0










Move
   

Schipkov, Boris - Tsygankov, Alexey [D36]
Novosibirsk ch 1988

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 d5 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Bg5 Be7 6. e3 c6 7. Bd3 Nbd7 8. Qc2 Nf8 9. Nf3 Ne6 10. Bh4 g6 11. h3 Ng7 12. g4 Be6 13. O-O-O Nd7 14. Bg3 O-O 15. Kb1 b5 16. Bf4 a5 17. Rdg1 f5 18. Ne5 Nxe5 19. Bxe5 Qd7 20. Ne2 Bf6 21. Bxf6 Rxf6 22. g5 Rff8 23. Nf4 Bf7 24. Be2 Ne6 25. Nd3 Qd6 26. h4 Rac8 27. h5 c5 28. dxc5 Nxc5 29. Nxc5 Rxc5 30. Qd2 b4 31. Qd4 Qe7 32. Bd3 Rfc8 33. h6 Be8 34. Rc1 a4 35. Rxc5 Rxc5 36. Rc1 Rxc1+ 37. Kxc1 Bc6 38. Kd2 a3 39. bxa3 bxa3 40. Bc2 Qb7 41. Bb3 Qd7 42. Qe5 Qb7 43. Qd6 Qb5 1-0











Move
   

Schipkov, Boris - Kaurdakov, Vladislav [D36]
Novosibirsk ch 1987

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. cxd5 exd5 5. Bg5 Be7 6. e3 O-O 7. Bd3 c6 8. Qc2 Nbd7 9. Nf3 Re8 10. h3 Nf8 11. O-O-O Bd6 12. g4 Bd7 13. Kb1 b5 14. e4 dxe4 15. Nxe4 Be7 16. Bxf6 Bxf6 17. g5 Be7 18. Rhg1 Be6 19. Ne5 Rc8 20. f4 Bd5 21. f5 Bxe4 22. Bxe4 Bxg5 23. Qb3 Rc7 24. Bxc6 Rxc6 25. Qxf7+ Kh8 26. Nxc6 1-0


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© 2016 Boris Schipkov